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Reviewed by

Team Resolve

February 4, 2022

Care And Recovery After Abortion

The procedure to terminate pregnancy is adopted by many women around the globe. It is to let all the ladies out there know that it is not a sin or fault to choose abortion if it is done for the right reasons and in a legal way. Undergoing an abortion is both a physical and a mental journey. To provide the rightful confidence for the women undertaking it, this article can be helpful.

Table of Contents

What Is Abortion?

Abortion is a procedure to terminate a pregnancy. It uses medicine or surgery to remove the embryo or foetus and placenta from the uterus of the mother.

Often people mistake abortion with miscarriage. A miscarriage is a condition where the foetus or the embryo has died within the mother’s womb.

Earlier in India and in many countries, abortions were performed on the basis of the gender of the baby. But it is illegal now in today’s world.

Abortions performed for rightful reasons and under legal circumstances are no crime.

Around 10 million and counting women in India have undergone abortion secretly. It is the duty of the family and society to normalise abortion and to stop assuming that it is done for any bad reasons.

When It Is Performed

Abortions are performed under many circumstances which include:

Miscarriage:

Miscarriages caused due to:
  1. Infections.
  2. Exposure to toxic substances: exposure to toxic substances in the working environment like high levels of radiation or any toxic agents.
  3. Uterine abnormalities.
  4. Improper implantation of the fertilized egg.
  5. Maternal age.
  6. Incompetent uterus: there are cases when the uterus is unable to hold the foetus. It can happen due to many factors. The most common among them is maternal age.
  7. Incompetent cervix: the cervix starts to widen and opens up in the midway of pregnancy.
  8. Controlled diseases: uncontrolled diabetes, heart diseases, kidney problems, thyroids, auto-immune diseases, etc.
  9. Improper lifestyle: a lifestyle that includes excessive smoking, consumption of alcohol on a daily basis, exposure to high radiations, etc.
  10.  Medicines: intake of certain medicines like the drug isotretinoin. (note: it is advisable to contact a doctor before trying out the medications).
  11. In most cases, the patient can have improvement from the disorders if they undergo proper treatments.

Choice Of The Woman:

Sometimes abortion is performed on the call of the mother. It can be due to many personal factors like:

  1. The woman and her family are not yet ready to have a baby.
  2. In case of rape 
  3. Financial instability.

 

Treatment Options Prescribed By The Doctor May Include

The types of abortion performed by a doctor depends on the stage of pregnancy:
  1. Medical abortion: medical abortion can be effective in the initial phases of pregnancy. Oral pills like Mifeprex and Cytotec are given to the patient that block certain hormones and stop the growth of the embryo or foetus. The patient has to visit the doctor for a regular period of time to assess their drug administration. (note: it should be done under the supervision of any professional)
  2. Suction abortion: suction abortion is also known as vacuum aspiration and it is performed in the first 12-13 weeks of pregnancy. Anesthetics are injected into the cervix. A small tube is inserted into a handheld syringe or suction machine then into the uterus. After that, the contents are cleared out.
  3.  
  4. Second trimester: dilation and evacuation: if a woman is pregnant for more than 12 weeks then this procedure is adopted. The cervix is dilated with the help of certain tools and medications; the vagina is softened using oral medicines like misoprostol. the inner lining of the uterus is scraped. Ultrasound and suction can be used to make sure that everything is cleared.
  5. Late-term abortion: dilation and extraction: all the steps and procedures are the same as dilation and evacuation of the second trimester. It is often performed due to the degrading medical condition of the mother.

Care To Be Taken

Pre-Care

  1. It is always essential to know the reason behind doing it. Consent of the family members and the loved ones should be considered.
  2. In case of self-doubt, it is always better to seek help and go for counseling sessions.
  3. Medical conditions should be evaluated.
  4. In case of pregnancy by chance, one should discuss quality contraception methods with their partner and perform safe sex.

Care During The Process

  1. When undergoing the process, there is not much the patient can do. But it is important for the family members and the partners to provide comfort and confidence.
  2. Maintaining a proper healthy diet should be kept in mind.
  3. Mental health is a big part of the process. So, it is always better to listen to what the patient wants.

Post Care: At The Hospital

  1. Getting a good idea of the routine that the patient needs to follow.
  2. Having clarity on the prescribed medications: what and when to take them.
  3. Receiving pain killers. (note: it is advisable to contact a doctor before trying out the medications)
  4. Driving should be avoided immediately after the procedure.
  5. Vaginal intercourse should be avoided.

 

Post Care: What Can Be Done At Home

  1. Bleeding: bleeding may continue for a week or may occur irregularly for about four weeks. Blood clots are normal. Sanitary pads or tampons should be used depending on the patient’s preference and advice from the doctor.
  2. Rest: some women prefer to rest for a few days before indulging in daily activities.
  3. Pain and cramps: minute pain and cramps are common after abortion. In such cases, one can take over the counter painkillers. (note: it is advisable to contact a doctor before trying out the medications)
  4. Sexual intercourse: avoiding sexual intercourse is necessary till the bleeding stops.
  5. Practising safer sex afterwards.
  6. Mental health issues: if the patient develops any signs of depression, the patient can contact WHO helplines and can take counseling classes.
  7. Heavy tasks: the patient should avoid indulging in heavy tasks and activities  immediately after the procedure.
  8. Walks: the patient can go for morning or evening walks and improve mental health issues.
  9. Medicines: the patient should follow proper medication schedule recommended by the doctor. (note: it is advisable to contact a doctor before trying out the medications).
  10. Healthy lifestyle: eating healthy, limiting the consumption of alcohol, quitting smoking, regular light exercises and drinking plenty of water can improve the recovery process.
  11. Follow up appointments with the doctor should be done.

Recovery

Abortion done for a personal reason or any external reason is both a physical and a mental journey for the woman undergoing it. The family members and the loved ones should take care of their physical as well as mental health. 

It takes about four to six weeks to recover from the process. After that, the woman can return to their normal activities.

Taking antibiotics to prevent infection is a must. If any signs of complications or unexpected symptoms like:

  1. Increased bleeding
  2. Extreme fever
  3. Feeling nausea and sick
  4. Back pain and excessive cramps
  5. Vomiting 
  6. Chills
  7. diarrhea
  8. Foul-smelling vaginal discharge occurs then the patient should not delay in contacting their doctor.

 it is always better to provide the medical history of the patient before commencing any step.

Mental health should be prioritized and if necessary then help should be sought. If facing any signs of depression the patient should speak up and share it with their loved ones. Counseling classes can be a great help.

Some Myths

  1. Women cause their own miscarriages.
  2. Women should feel guilty if they have done an abortion.
  3. Women won’t be able to get pregnant again.

There are numerous myths and practices that our society believes in. It is better to educate people with any small knowledge a single person has. Rather than victimizing someone, it is better to provide a better environment.

DISCLAIMER

The above-mentioned remedies and medicines; are over the counter medicines and are effective in most cases. It is advisable to contact the doctor before taking any medications.

Why Should Someone Choose Resolve360?

  1. Resolve360 is a promising online platform, where one can receive treatment at the comfort of their own home. 
  2. Sick patients don’t need to worry about traveling long distances to get them diagnosed.
  3. The patients can save up the time and can utilize that time to take care of themselves.
  4. Live sessions are conducted so that the patients can have a face to face interaction with their assigned doctors. 
  5. Building trust is really important. So, we always try our best to provide the maximum support to the patients to make them feel comfortable. 
  6. We always schedule the timings of the meetings based on the patient’s preference. Rescheduling can also be done if there are any problems.
  7. When a patient comes to our doctor it becomes the responsibility of our doctor to give them a healthy life.
  8. We guarantee that the doctors will never leave their patients. 
  9. The patients can openly talk about their problems and we assure that the information will be between the patients and the doctors only. 
  10. Our doctors plan every step necessary for their patients, starting from planning out exercises to drafting their diet charts. 
  11. The doctors on the platform are extremely reliable and are certified professionals with experience. 
  12. It is a platform that provides solutions to every problem, starting with home remedies to prescribed medications. 
  13. The patient’s trust is our confidence!

 

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