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Team Resolve

February 28, 2022

Corns And Calluses? Know-How To Get Them Better At Home.

The patient might think in the first place that they got a blister but delayed treatment might reveal that it is something more than a blister. A blister is a fluid-filled layer of the skin that often causes pain but callus is a hard and thickened layer of skin that does not cause any pain but gives discomfort. Corns and calluses can be treated with the help of medicines and can be cured. A brief knowledge about corns and calluses are provided in the article.

Table of Contents

What Are Corns And Calluses?

When the skin tries to protect itself from constant friction or pressure, it develops a thick and hardened layer of skin called corns and calluses.
Corns and calluses are two different things.

  • Corns: these are smaller than calluses and have a thick center, which is surrounded by inflamed skin. They can be painful when pressed. Corns can appear in the areas of the feet that bear weight or don’t bear weight. The areas where corns can appear are the top and side of the toe and in between fingers.
  • Calluses: calluses vary in size and shape and are often bigger than corns. Calluses are rarely painful. They generally appear on the soles and heels of the feet, knee and palm.

In a healthy individual if the corns and calluses are causing discomfort then only opting for treatment can be beneficial but for most people, simply cutting off the source of constant friction and pressure can eliminate them.

Corns and calluses can occur in persons who have low blood flow to the feet. In the case of diabetic patients, corns and calluses are very common. Often the wound or cut turns into calluses while healing. Seeking advice from the doctor is very essential in such a case.

What Are The Causes And Symptoms?

Causes

The causes are:

  1. Constant and persistent force, friction or pressure.
  2. Lesser blood flow in the feet.
  3. Injured wounds or cuts can turn into corns and calluses in diabetic patients.
  4. Wearing new and ill-fitting shoes for a longer period.
  5. Non-wearing of socks: not wearing socks can increase the chances of friction and pressure in the heel, which can lead to calluses.
  6. Playing instruments for a longer period can cause corns and calluses in the palm and fingers.
  7. Lifting heavy weights during exercising or during any task.

Symptoms

The common and widely seen symptoms are:

  1. Thickening and hardening of the area which remains under constant force and friction.
  2. Pain in the case of corn.
  3. Development of areas that are rough to touch.
  4. Loss of sensation in severe cases.
  5. Development of a raised bump.
  6. Sensitive to touch.
  7. Tenderness and redness in the area.
  8. The appearance of flaky, dry and waxy skin.

What Are The Risk Factors?

The factors that can increase the risk of getting corns and calluses are:

  1. Bunions: an abnormal bony bump that forms at the joint of the front toe is known as a bunion.
  2. Hammertoe: a hammertoe is a condition of deformity in which the toe curls like a claw.
  3. Bone spur.
  4. Constant rubbing in the shoes.
  5. Using heavy hand tools that cause constant friction, without wearing any gloves can cause calluses and corns.

Which Areas Are More Prone To Get Affected?

The areas exposed to constant friction and force are the areas that are more prone to get corns and calluses.

  1. Sole and heel of the feet.
  2. In between fingers.
  3. The palm.
  4. In front and side of the feet.
  5. Knee.
  6. Joint areas of the feet and arms.

Diagnosis And Treatment

Diagnosis

  1. The doctor generally examines the affected area to determine any physical abnormality like warts and cysts.
  2. The patient can be asked to undergo an x-ray in certain situations.
  3. Once the doctor confirms the symptoms for corns and calluses, medicines and treatments will be provided accordingly.

Treatment

    1. Corns and calluses are generally treated with medicines and ointments.
    2. Medicines like salicylic acid patches and MediPlast can be recommended by the doctor.

(Note: the patient should consult a doctor before trying out any medications)

  1. The doctor can recommend the patient to limit the exposure of the area to constant force and friction.
  2. The doctor can trim away the excess skin with the help of a scalpel. Getting rid of the excess skin can help to prevent discomfort. The process should be done by a professional, trying it on its own by the patient might lead to infections.
  3. Shoe inserts: custom made shoe padding or orthotics shoe padding can be recommended by the doctor.
  4. In rare cases, the doctor might suggest surgery if the situation of the patient doesn’t improve on medications and other treatments.

What Can Be Done At Home: Precautions And Care

Effective ways and tips to make the situation better at home are listed below:

    1. Keeping the area moist and hydrated: due to the dryness of the area, the patient can feel itchy. Using medicated moisturizer to keep the area hydrated can prevent the itching problem.

(Note: the patient should consult a doctor before trying out any medications)

  1. Washing the area with lukewarm water: before the application of any ointment, the patient should clean the area with lukewarm water.
  2. The patient should wear gloves while handling any heavy objects.
  3. Shoe padding: custom made or orthotics shoe padding can be used to limit friction.
  4. The patient should wear proper fitting shoes.
  5. Once a week cleaning with a pumice stone or nail filer can help to get rid of the dead skin.
  6. Bandages can be used over the affected area to prevent it from further friction.
  7. If the patient has corns and calluses in between fingers then finger separators can be used to prevent the discomfort.
  8. After performing any high impact task using heavy tools, the patient can soak their hands and feet in lukewarm water.
  9. The patient should wear socks to keep the area moisturized and prevent it from friction.
  10. In the case of diabetic patients, proper intake of medicines and regular application of ointment should be done as recommended by their doctor.

(Note: the patient should consult a doctor before trying out any medications)

The Process Of Recovery From Corns And Calluses.

Recovering from corn and calluses is quite fast for most people. Using proper ointments and taking proper medicines can easily cure the problem. The patient can indulge in daily activities by applying a bandage to the affected region. The patient should make sure that the affected area doesn’t experience any friction.
In most cases, the patient can get better without taking any medications. Keeping the area moisturized, wearing socks and padded gloves and frequent exfoliation of the area with a pumice stone or nail filer to get rid of the dead cells can eliminate the corns and calluses.

Disclaimer

The above-mentioned remedies and medicines; are over the counter medicines (most of them) and are effective in most cases. It is advisable to contact the doctor before taking any medications.

Why Should Someone Choose Resolve360?

Resolve360 is an online rehabilitation platform for post-surgery clinical assessments, that provides solutions to post-surgery care and rehabilitation facilities for the patients. There are several programs on how to take care after undergoing surgery, what precautions and care one should take. There is free access to knowledge and consultation. For further details, don’t forget to contact us! We will take extreme pride in serving you! HAPPY RECOVERY!

For further detailed knowledge kindly go through the following points.

  1. Resolve360 is a promising online platform, where one can receive treatment at the comfort of their own home.
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