What Is Hip Replacement Surgery?
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which a hip prosthesis is used as an implant to replace the hip joint. Hip replacement can be a total replacement of the hip joint or a Hemi (half of the hip joint) replacement.
Most hip replacement surgeries are performed in patients between the age of 60-80 years.
Hip replacement is also known as hip arthroplasty and it is effective in the long run as compared to non-surgical treatments. Arthritis in elderly people is the most common reason to get hip replacement surgery.
What Are The Causes Of Hip Replacement Surgery?
Degraded conditions that affect the hip joint and consistent hip pain lead to hip replacement surgery. The common causes of hip replacement surgery are:
- Rheumatoid arthritis: it is an autoimmune disorder and our own body destroys the cartilage that affects the underlying bones, resulting in damaged and deformed joints.
- Osteoarthritis: it is a type of arthritis that degenerates the flexible tissues, joint cartilage and the underlying bones. Which further damages the joints.
- Osteonecrosis: osteonecrosis occurs when blood fails to reach a certain part of the body. Due to which the part doesn’t get proper nutrition and lacks elements important for growth and survival. It weakens the bone and might lead to discolouration of the bone.
Hip pain that persists even after taking medications and getting treated can also require hip replacement surgery. Some of the secondary causes that might lead to hip replacement surgery are:
- Persistent hip pain despite taking medications and treatment.
- Hip joint interfering in the motions like getting up from a seated position, getting dressed, climbing stairs, walking, etc.
- Not able to sleep properly due to the restrictions in the movement.
What Can The Patient Expect
Before The Surgery
The orthopedic surgeon can do the following things before performing a hip replacement surgery:
- Enquiring about the medical history of the patient.
- Taking notes of the current medications.
- Evaluating the hip movements and range of motion.
- Ordering tests like blood tests, X-rays.
- MRI is not required in most cases but in some cases, the doctor might ask to perform an MRI.
During the evaluation process, the patients can ask any queries related to medications, which medicines to terminate a week before surgery, getting clarity on the surgery process, etc.
During The Surgery
- During the procedure, the patient is given a general anesthetic, spinal block or nerve block to numb the nerves around the hip joint and the lower area of the body.
- The surgery takes a few hours to get completed.
- During the surgery, the surgeons make an incision in the front or side of the hip, remove the dead and damaged parts and replace it with the prosthetic.
After The Surgery
After the surgery is done, the patient might need a few hours to get back senses.
- The medical staff monitor blood pressure, blood sugar level, pulse, alertness and pain.
- The patient is advised to stay under the supervision of the hospital for a few days. The number of days spent can depend on one’s personal needs and conditions.
- After the surgery, the patient is asked to breathe deeply and cough or blow into a device to prevent accumulating fluids in the lungs.
- After a few hours or a day, the patient can be asked to move and try to walk if possible to prevent the risks of blood clots.
What Can Be Done At Home: Precautions And Care
- The patient should stop the intake of certain medications, prescribed by the doctor.
- Avoiding any dental treatments like teeth cleaning before the surgery.
- Getting all the necessary documents and things that will be required at the hospital ready.
- Getting proper rest and eating healthy.
- The patient is most likely to get nervous about the surgery process, it is better to let the family members and close ones know how they are feeling.
- If the patient is away from home, they should arrange a person to help them with their aftercare.
- keeping the necessary items like phone, water bottle, prescription, medicines, tissues, etc. at the waist level on a bedside table or chair.
- Using the support of someone to go to washrooms.
- Getting enough rest.
- Wearing light comfortable clothes.
- If not able to get a proper sleeping position, the person can use pillows to support their arms and legs.
- Arranging a toilet seat riser if the toilet is low.
- Getting a shower bench or stool.
- While in rest, the patient should try moving the joint to the limited range the body allows. It will help to prevent the risks of blood clots.
- Receiving physical therapy after a few weeks. (note: it should be done under the supervision of any professional)
- Over the counter, medicines like pain killers, muscle relaxants can be taken to avoid occasional pains. (note: it is advisable to contact a doctor before trying out the medications)
- Avoiding smoking and consumption of alcohol can help in faster recovery.
- Maintaining proper intake of the prescribed medicines. (note: it is advisable to contact a doctor before trying out the medications)
- Eating healthy and nutritious. Drinking enough water.
- When the patient feels better and has the confidence of doing activities, they should start with easy and light tasks.
- Medical waistbands can be used for extra support. (note: one should get the band after consulting their doctors).
- After a few weeks, the patient can do light joint exercises, go for light walks, etc.
- Strenuous activities should be strictly avoided as they can increase the chances of infections.
- Undergoing surgery is a huge take on mental health. So, if the patient feels demotivated or depressed they should share and let their close ones know. The family members should support them in the journey. Being patient and optimistic is the key.
- If faced with any signs of infection or other unexpected occurring, the patient must immediately contact their doctor.
- The period of recovery varies from person to person. It takes about six to twelve weeks to get completely healed. At this point, many patients resume their daily activities.
- Regular follow up with the doctor should be done properly and a clear idea about the medicines should be taken.
- The patient must ensure that their hip joint is healing properly.
- The doctor can test for any reactions due to the implant used.
- Most patients heal well without facing any major complications. But if any signs of
- Blood clot
- Excessive pain
- Unexpected pressure at certain regions
- Change in leg length
- High fever and chills
- Loosening and
- Nerve damage is seen, the patient should immediately consult their doctor or surgeon.
The above-mentioned remedies and medicines; are over the counter medicines (most of them) and are effective in most cases. It is advisable to contact the doctor before taking any medications.
Why Should Someone Choose Resolve360?
- Resolve360 is a promising online platform, where one can receive treatment at the comfort of their own home.
- Sick patients don’t need to worry about traveling long distances to get them diagnosed.
- The patients can save up the time and can utilize that time to take care of themselves.
- Live sessions are conducted so that the patients can have a face to face interaction with their assigned doctors.
- Building trust is really important. So, we always try our best to provide the maximum support to the patients to make them feel comfortable.
- We always schedule the timings of the meetings based on the patient’s preference. Rescheduling can also be done if there are any problems.
- When a patient comes to our doctor it becomes the responsibility of our doctor to give them a healthy life.
- We guarantee that doctors will never leave their patients.
- The patients can openly talk about their problems and we assure that the information will be between the patients and the doctors only.
- Our doctors plan every step necessary for their patients, starting from planning out exercises to drafting their diet charts.
- The doctors on the platform are extremely reliable and are certified professionals with experience.
- It is a platform that provides solutions to every problem, starting with home remedies to prescribed medications.
- The patient’s trust is our confidence!
Resolve360 is an online platform that provides solutions to surgery aftercare and complications that the patient may face. There are several programs on how to take care after undergoing surgery, what precautions and care one should take. There is free access to knowledge and consultation. For further details, don’t forget to contact us! We will take extreme pride in serving you! Happy recovery!