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Team Resolve

February 11, 2022

Pcod: It’s Time To Bust Some Myths.

Around 10% of the women population is affected by PCOD: polycystic ovarian disease. It comes along with some secondary problems like depression, anxiety, stress which take a toll on mental health. Often women enroll themselves in counselling sessions to keep a balanced mental state. This article covers most of the frequently asked areas of PCOD and what can be done to make it better.

Table of Contents

What Is PCOD?

PCOD stands for Polycystic Ovarian Disease. It is a hormonal disorder that causes the formation of cysts on the outer edge of the ovarian wall. The ovaries become enlarged. The ovary produces many immature or partially mature eggs.

It mostly occurs due to lifestyle problems, obesity, stress and hormonal imbalancement.

People often regard PCOD as PCOS. Though both of them are similar in certain aspects, there are some major differences between the two. PCOD and PCOS have different medical significance.

PCOD can be cured with regular treatment and healthy lifestyle changes.

What Are The Causes And Symptoms Of PCOD?

Causes

  1. Hormonal imbalancement: excess androgen production: the ovaries produce the female sex hormones and a little amount of the male sex hormone: androgens. When there is an imbalancement in the production or the quantity of the hormone, it might lead to PCOD.
  2. Poor lifestyle: excessive smoking or consuming heavy amounts of alcohol
  3. Improper diet: skipping the vital components required by the body to function properly can lead to the problem.
  4. Stress and anxiety: work stress, tension or mental pressure, leads to bad mental health which can further trigger the process.
  5. Excess insulin and production: hormonal imbalancement. Excessive insulin production further leads to the excessive production of male hormone i.e. androgen, which causes difficulty in ovulation.

Symptoms

  1. Oligomenorrhea: Irregular menstrual cycles or periods
  2. Amenorrhea: stoppage of the menstrual cycle
  3. Menorrhagia: Excessive menstrual bleeding
  4. Anxiety, stress and depression
  5. Hair loss and hair thinning problems
  6. Due to the excessive male hormone, more and thicker body hairs may appear
  7. Skin darkening of the neck, groin area, under the breast, armpits.
  8. Fatigue
  9. Loss of appetite
  10. Acne problems: cystic acne can appear in certain cases
  11. Pelvic pain in severe cases
  12. Weight fluctuation: the person can become overweight or underweight.
  13. Type 2 diabetes can occur
  14. Metabolic disorders like high blood sugar, high blood pressure, heart diseases, etc.
  15. Sleeping problems
  16. Complications in pregnancy: premature birth or miscarriage
  17. Endometrial cancer.

Difference Between PCOD And PCOS

PCODPCOS
1. PCOD stands for polycystic ovarian disease.1. PCOS stands for polycystic ovarian syndrome (collection of more than one symptom)
2. It is more common than PCOS. around 10% of the world’s women population is affected by PCOD.2. Women affected by PCOS are lesser in number. It is a serious medical complication and about 0.02-2.5% of women have PCOS.
3. It doesn’t have any serious complications.3. It has serious complications.
4. It is a condition in which the ovary produces a large number of immature or partially mature eggs.4. It is a metabolic disorder in which the ovary may not produce any eggs and can lead to an ovulation.
5. It is a hormonal disorder5. It is a metabolic disorder
6. It occurs due to poor lifestyle problems, stress, obesity and hormonal imbalance.6. Its occurrence is not known, it can sometimes occur due to the same reasons as PCOD or it can be inherited. 
7. It has lesser chances of making the woman infertile, as there is the release of eggs so the woman can get pregnant with a little medical help.7. It has a higher chance of making the woman infertile. It leads to other complications like miscarriages, premature birth, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, etc.

Treatment Options For PCOD

Treatment options for PCOD include:

  1. Monitoring and controlling the blood sugar and blood pressure levels.
  2. Fertility restoration treatment
  3. Hirsutism treatment
  4. Acne treatment
  5. Restoration of regular menstrual cycles
  6. Prevention of endometrial hyperplasia
  7. Prevention of endometrial cancer.

Myths About PCOD

Some of the myths about PCOD are:

  1. There is no chance for the woman to get pregnant.
  2. The woman is held responsible for bringing in the disease.
  3. Having intercourse can lead to pcod.
  4. Losing weight can get rid of the problem: sometimes weight gain can occur due to the side effect of pcod itself or it can occur due to other hormonal imbalancements. 
  5. It only affects overweight women
  6. It is a rare condition.

What Can Be Done At Home

The following remedies can be performed for a better result when undergoing the complications due to the disease:

  1. When having pelvic pain, the person can try out heat therapy. 
  2. Doing regular exercises
  3. Avoiding heavy consumption of alcohol and avoiding smoking.
  4. Making a healthy lifestyle with healthy and nutritious diets.
  5. Drinking plenty of water
  6. Taking enough rest to feel refreshed.
  7. It is hard to avoid anxiety and stress, but it will be better if the person can divert their mind doing other activities they like, in stressful conditions.
  8. Early treatment is a better way to have a healthy future. Early doctor consults should be done
  9. Taking proper medications prescribed by the doctor. (note: it is advisable to contact a doctor before trying out the medications)
  10. Keeping a good mental health
  11. Going out for walks, doing yoga or meditation can help calm the mind.
  12. Trying to attain a healthy weight
  13. Limiting excess carbohydrate consumption. (note: completely cutting off carbs from the diet won’t be beneficial)
  14. Staying active is the key
  15. Using proper skin care products recommended by the doctor to take care of acne and skin issues.
  16. If wanting to get pregnant, then the person must keep trying with a little medical help. Better days will come for sure! 
  17. During pregnancy, the patient should be regularly in contact with their doctor to avoid any chances of prematurity or miscarriages.
  18. Having the disease takes a toll on mental as well as physical health. The appearance may demotivate the person. Taking proper medicines and transforming the lifestyle will surely make things better.
  19. Showing support to the person will be a great help to them.
  20. Family members and loved ones should always step forward to know their needs and support them in the journey.
  21. Patients can enroll in programs designed for PCOD patients to get a clear idea and to know that they are not alone in this journey.
  22. If they feel any sign of depression the person should share their feelings with the ones they trust. Counselling is always a better option.

Recovery

Recovering from PCOD is a gradual process. It is not only about the regular menstrual cycles. It is more than that: acne problems, hair fall issues, stress, depression and many more. The timeline of recovery varies from person to person both mentally and physically.

Showing support to them can make their journey a little better.

Disclaimer

The above-mentioned remedies and medicines; are over the counter medicines (most of them) and are effective in most cases. It is advisable to contact the doctor before taking any medications.

Why Should Someone Choose Resolve360?

Resolve360 is an online rehabilitation platform for post-surgery clinical assessments, that provides solutions to post-surgery care and rehabilitation facilities for the patients. There are several programs on how to take care after undergoing surgery, what precautions and care one should take. There is free access to knowledge and consultation. For further details, don’t forget to contact us! We will take extreme pride in serving you! HAPPY RECOVERY!   For further detailed knowledge kindly go through the following points.  
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