Table of Contents

Back Pain : Causes and Treatment

Back Pain : Causes and Treatment

Dr Nidhi Kumari
Reviewed & Verified by
Dr Nidhi
November 24, 2022 12:14 pm
5/5 - (171 votes)

Table of Contents

Sometimes the sudden causes of back pain may not always be due to any underlying diseases. Back pain can occur due to reasons leading to stress in the muscles like overuse of the back during exercising, training, or performing any high-impact task; prolonged sitting, lying, and working in an uncomfortable or wrong posture; prolonged exercising in bad postures; and wearing a poorly fitting backpack regularly.

Back pain is widely seen among individuals over the age of 60 years. The condition is mostly seen in women. The most common reasons for back pain can be herniated discs, muscle strains, arthritis, back injury, sciatica, spinal stenosis, osteoporosis, fibromyalgia, and many more.

Common causes of Back Pain
Primary Causes of Back Pain

1. STRAIN IN THE MUSCLES AND LIGAMENTS: repeated movements to perform a heavy task like lifting loads, repeated bending, etc. can strain the back muscles and the spinal ligaments. Prolonged practice of such tasks can lead to wearing and tearing off the backbone. Due to reduced bone density and bone strength, a simple snap can lead to a back injury.

  • Strain in the muscles and ligaments is often accompanied by muscle spasms and pain along the backbone.
  • Patients with back strain find difficulty in bending, lifting, walking, and working properly.
Herniated, Bulged & Rupture Disk

2. HERNIATED, BULGED, AND RUPTURED DISKS: disks act as the cushions between the units of the backbone called vertebrae. Soft materials are present inside the disks, which can bulge, swell or rupture due to any external factor or disk degeneration with age. The bulged and ruptured disks put stress on the nerves around them, and as a result, the patient may suffer from:

  • Back pain
  • Loss of sensation
  • Swelling of the back
  • Difficulty in maintaining certain postures
  • Difficulty in performing tasks like lifting, bending, sitting, and working.

3. ARTHRITIS: Arthritis is the most prevalent cause of back pain. It is a chronic condition that leads to the inflammation of the joints. An osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis that affects the lower back. The condition can often lead to the narrowing of the space around the spinal cord and lead to a condition called stenosis.

The common symptoms of arthritis are:

  • Stiffness and weakness of the joints and muscles around it.
  • Pain in the affected region.
  • Limited range of movements.
Arthritis

4. OSTEOPOROSIS: osteoporosis is a condition in which the bone becomes weak and fragile. The body constantly absorbs and replaces bone tissue. In osteoporosis, the formation of new bone does not keep pace with the removal of old bone.

Many people are asymptomatic until they experience a bone fracture. Treatment includes medication, a healthy diet, and exercise to prevent bone weakness or to strengthen already weak bones.

5. FIBROMYALGIA: Fibromyalgia is not well understood, but it can cause pain throughout the body, including the back. Researchers are still working to understand the pain of fibromyalgia, but most people agree that it is caused by abnormalities in the nervous system.Back pain has many causes, but it is often treatable and manageable. Lifestyle changes such as learning to lift heavy objects, sleeping carefully in a back-friendly posture, and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce back problems. If the back pain is severe or debilitating, it is better to consult an orthopedist about how to improve the symptoms.

FIBROMYALGIA Pain
stress

6. STRESS: the spine does an essential job of keeping our body upright. Poor posture and being overweight can put more strain on the spine. When our back muscles have to work extra hard to keep up with the wrong posture, it can lead to back discomfort and pain.

Patients should practice proper working, sleeping, and sitting postures to enhance the back structure.

Secondary Causes of Back Pain

Along with primary causes, secondary causes like age, gender, and family history of the disease also play a major role in defining the extent of the pain and discomfort.

Age: people above the age of 60 years are more prone to develop back pain due to any underlying diseases or sudden muscle strain.

Gender: back pain is more common in women than in men.

Family history: patients with a personal and family history of any disease that leads to the wear and tear of the back, have a higher risk of attaining back pain.

Treatment for Back Pain
Treatment for Back Pain
Medication:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen (commonly available as paracetamol in India) are two types of readily available pain relievers that are frequently used for back pain treatment. Both have some side effects which need to be kept in mind. . Before taking any medication, it is important to consult a doctor. Also, it is important to not expect the medication to solve your pain problem on its own. Any backache will most likely require more than one type of treatment to ensure maximum relief

Physical Therapy:

Physical therapists can teach you how to sit, stand, and move in a way that keeps your spine aligned and relieves back strain. This provides back pain relief and prevents future back pain. They can also teach you specialized exercises to help you strengthen the core muscles that support your back. A strong core is one of the best ways to avoid future backache. Back pain can be reduced by increasing your strength, flexibility, and endurance, but it takes time.

Good Sleep:

Sleeping can be difficult when you have back pain. It can be a vicious cycle because not getting enough sleep can in turn make your back pain worse. The intensity of back pain increases by sleeping in an uncomfortable position. It is advised to start lying on your side while sleeping. Putting a pillow between your knees will keep your spine in a neutral position and also relieve back strain. So if you must sleep on your back, place a pillow between your knees. It is equally important to make sure you sleep on a mattress that is firm enough for your back to remain straight.

Good posture:

We all know that slouching (sitting or standing with a bent back) is harmful to our back. In addition, poor posture can actually increase back pain, especially if you sit for long periods of time. So make sure you don’t hang down over your computer. Maintaining good posture is an important part of back pain treatment. You can start by trying to sit up straight, with your shoulders relaxed, and your back against the back of your chair. Placing a pillow or rolled towel between your lower back and the seat can also help. Maintaining your feet flat on the floor can also help ensure good posture.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT):

CBT is a method of psychotherapy. By encouraging new ways of thinking, CBT can help manage chronic back pain. It could include relaxation techniques as well as methods for maintaining a positive attitude. According to studies, patients who receive CBT tend to become more active and exercise, resulting in a lower risk of back pain recurrence.

Diet :

Some diets, mainly those high in trans fats, refined sugars, and processed foods, are extremely inflammatory. Make sure you consult your doctor to determine whether your diet is contributing to your chronic back pain and how you can change it. Maintaining a healthy weight may also help alleviate back pain by relieving the pressure on the spine.

Heat and Cold Application:

A heat pack applied to the affected area can help relieve pain and stiffness. You can use a reusable heat pad, which can be purchased at pharmacies, and or a hot-water bottle. A hot bath or shower can have a similar calming effect. Alternating between heat and ice therapy throughout the day or week may be beneficial. You could try hot and cold packs to see what works best for you. To avoid skin burns or irritation, keep your skin away from direct contact with heat or ice packs. Applying ice or heat for 15 to 20 minutes at a time is usually sufficient.

Pain Management Programmes:

Pain management programs may provide back pain relief by assisting you in controlling your pain and teaching you how to live with chronic pain. They are usually sessions in which you learn about pain not only from a physical standpoint but also how it affects your mood and emotional well-being. The sessions will then focus on how you can overcome obstacles.

How can Resolve360 help you deal with Back Pain?

Resolve360 is a promising online platform where we provide you with the professional guidance you need to deal with your back pain in the comfort of your home. We are available on both the google play store and the app store. There’s Tiana, our chat buddy to guide you 24/7 through all your doubts, progress, and feedback regarding any issue you face with your backs. If you ever feel alone in your journey through dealing with back pain, we are here for you.

Disclaimer: The above-mentioned remedies and medicines; are over the counter medicines and are effective in most cases. It is advisable to contact your doctor before taking any medications.

Dr Nidhi Kumari

Dr. Nidhi Kumari

She has persuaded her bachelor’s from SGT University, Gurugram, she has done her internship at Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, and persuade her Master in Physiotherapy from Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut. She has previously worked with Orthocure clinic, Dr.Nasir physiotherapy rehabilitation, Quantum physiotherapy, and wellness center.

If you have more questions.

Dr Nidhi Kumari

Dr. Nidhi

She has persuaded her bachelor’s from SGT University, Gurugram, she has done her internship at Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, and persuade her Master in Physiotherapy from Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut. She has previously worked with Orthocure clinic, Dr.Nasir physiotherapy rehabilitation, Quantum physiotherapy, and wellness center.

If you have more questions.

What Our Patients Say

Mr Rohit Musaddi
Mr Rohit Musaddi
Rehab for Knee Pain
Read More
I have been taking sessions from March without a break. It has been a boon for my physical fitness. My issues with my fitness especially knee ligaments have been effectively taken care of and I am able to continue with active tennis daily thanks to resolve360 and Dr. David
Mr Keyur Dalwadi
Mr Keyur Dalwadi
Speech Therapy for his Kid
Read More
We contacted resolve360 for our child speech issue and I must say Resolve 360 team and Apoorva doing a wonderful job. Our speech therapist Jaslia from Resolve360 is having a excellent knowledge.... Read More

Mr Ram Kumar
Mr Ram Kumar
Physical Fitness
Read More
From being a couch potato with poor cardio respiratory system to reaching pre-athlete levels of fitness in a span of 3 months, my journey with Resolve360 and Dr.David (Physiotherapist) has been anything but magical!..... Read More
Dr Shrinivas H
Dr Shrinivas H
Rehab for Heel Pain
Read More
I had online Physiotherapy sessions by Prerana for my heel pain. ( Tendo Achilis Sprain). Though virtual, it was more interactive. She was very observant throughout the sessions, correcting me while doing the exercises..... Read More
Mr Narayan Vyas
Mr Narayan Vyas
COVID19 Rehab
Read More
One of the best app available for therapy sessions online. I was covid positive, and one more my friend recommended this app, trust me, it was the best decision I have ever taken..... Read More
Ms Shilpi B
Ms Shilpi B
Rehab for Ligament Injury
Read More
A friend introduced me to Resolve 360 so that I could treat a ligament injury that was hindering my day to day activities. It was a bad phase! This platform is not only a.... Read More
Ms Uma Narayanan
Ms Uma Narayanan
Rehab for Back Pain
Read More
Let the year 2021 bring laughter, joy and happiness and good health. It already has, in mine and my husband Narayans life. Yes we are now freely moving around doing..... Read More
Mr Nikhil Shrivastava
Mr Nikhil Shrivastava
COVID19 Rehab
Read More
My father’s case was worse case of covid he had severe lung damage and was in hospital for almost 40 days, My mentor here provided really great guidance and help; sessions helped so much in recovery...Read More
Ms Srishti Gupta
Ms Srishti Gupta
Rehab for Back Pain
Read More
Hello everyone I have been regularly taking sessions from Resolve360 (from Dr Apoorva) since January 2020. I have been suffering from upper and lower back pain from last 10 years....Read More
Ms Christy J
Ms Christy J
Post Natal Care
Read More
By the advice of my gynaecologist, I found this place. I thank doctor Dr Aporva for supported me and encouraged me well even before my sessions begin. Doctor Prerna who dealt me...Read More
Ms Garima Gupta
Ms Garima Gupta
Rehab for Neck & Back Pain
Read More
Best therapy sessions that too at home and timings are very flexible. I had a issue in my neck and lower back since almost 4 to 5 years, taken so many treatments...Read More
Ms Shubhra Jain
Ms Shubhra Jain
Prenatal Care
Read More
I took prenatal care program from Resolve 360. Dr. Preyrna was assigned to me and she has done commendable job. I did prenatal exercises under her supervision, she designed...Read More
Ms Shruti Gupta
Ms Shruti Gupta
Rehab for Scapula Dyskinesia
Read More
Resolve360 is great platform for online physiotherapy. I was suffering from scapula dyskinesia and had lot of pain in right shoulder movement. I was introduced...Read More
R HARISHANKAR
R HARISHANKAR
COVID19 Rehab
Read More
The therapy sessions were very helpful in regaining heart and lung fitness after recovering from covid. The trainers were friendly, knowledgeable and they provided a customised program depending on my fitness level and health condition.
Mr Rohit Musaddi
Mr Rohit Musaddi
Rehab for Knee Pain
Read More
I have been taking sessions from March without a break. It has been a boon for my physical fitness. My issues with my fitness especially knee ligaments have been effectively taken care of and I am able to continue with active tennis daily thanks to resolve360 and Dr. David
Mr Keyur Dalwadi
Mr Keyur Dalwadi
Speech Therapy for his Kid
Read More
We contacted resolve360 for our child speech issue and I must say Resolve 360 team and Apoorva doing a wonderful job. Our speech therapist Jaslia from Resolve360 is having a excellent knowledge.... Read More

Mr Ram Kumar
Mr Ram Kumar
Physical Fitness
Read More
From being a couch potato with poor cardio respiratory system to reaching pre-athlete levels of fitness in a span of 3 months, my journey with Resolve360 and Dr.David (Physiotherapist) has been anything but magical!..... Read More
Dr Shrinivas H
Dr Shrinivas H
Rehab for Heel Pain
Read More
I had online Physiotherapy sessions by Prerana for my heel pain. ( Tendo Achilis Sprain). Though virtual, it was more interactive. She was very observant throughout the sessions, correcting me while doing the exercises..... Read More
Mr Narayan Vyas
Mr Narayan Vyas
COVID19 Rehab
Read More
One of the best app available for therapy sessions online. I was covid positive, and one more my friend recommended this app, trust me, it was the best decision I have ever taken..... Read More
Ms Shilpi B
Ms Shilpi B
Rehab for Ligament Injury
Read More
A friend introduced me to Resolve 360 so that I could treat a ligament injury that was hindering my day to day activities. It was a bad phase! This platform is not only a.... Read More
Ms Uma Narayanan
Ms Uma Narayanan
Rehab for Back Pain
Read More
Let the year 2021 bring laughter, joy and happiness and good health. It already has, in mine and my husband Narayans life. Yes we are now freely moving around doing..... Read More
Mr Nikhil Shrivastava
Mr Nikhil Shrivastava
COVID19 Rehab
Read More
My father’s case was worse case of covid he had severe lung damage and was in hospital for almost 40 days, My mentor here provided really great guidance and help; sessions helped so much in recovery...Read More
Ms Srishti Gupta
Ms Srishti Gupta
Rehab for Back Pain
Read More
Hello everyone I have been regularly taking sessions from Resolve360 (from Dr Apoorva) since January 2020. I have been suffering from upper and lower back pain from last 10 years....Read More
Ms Christy J
Ms Christy J
Post Natal Care
Read More
By the advice of my gynaecologist, I found this place. I thank doctor Dr Aporva for supported me and encouraged me well even before my sessions begin. Doctor Prerna who dealt me...Read More
Ms Garima Gupta
Ms Garima Gupta
Rehab for Neck & Back Pain
Read More
Best therapy sessions that too at home and timings are very flexible. I had a issue in my neck and lower back since almost 4 to 5 years, taken so many treatments...Read More
Ms Shubhra Jain
Ms Shubhra Jain
Prenatal Care
Read More
I took prenatal care program from Resolve 360. Dr. Preyrna was assigned to me and she has done commendable job. I did prenatal exercises under her supervision, she designed...Read More
Ms Shruti Gupta
Ms Shruti Gupta
Rehab for Scapula Dyskinesia
Read More
Resolve360 is great platform for online physiotherapy. I was suffering from scapula dyskinesia and had lot of pain in right shoulder movement. I was introduced...Read More
R HARISHANKAR
R HARISHANKAR
COVID19 Rehab
Read More
The therapy sessions were very helpful in regaining heart and lung fitness after recovering from covid. The trainers were friendly, knowledgeable and they provided a customised program depending on my fitness level and health condition.

Share:

Leave Your Comment

Related Articles:

ASK YOUR QUESTION

If you would like to know more about any of the health conditions, please fill up the form below and talk to Doctors on Resolve360 directly by asking a question.

We are your doctor’s first choice and trusted by 50,000+ patients.

get a call in 15 minutes

We are your doctor’s first choice and trusted by 50,000+ patients.

Get a Call in 15 Minutes

We are your doctor’s first choice and trusted by 50,000+ patients.

Get a Call in 15 Minutes

Resolve360 is great platform for online physiotherapy.
I was suffering from scapula dyskinesia and had lot of pain in right shoulder movement. I was introduced to Resolve 360 by my oncologist.

Within a month (26 sessions) there was a considerable improvement. Sessions are very cost-effective and doctors are very kind and efficient.
Doctor David has been really great and helpful. I would highly recommend Resolve 360.

Ms Shruti Gupta

Rehab for Scapula Dyskinesia

I took prenatal care program from Resolve 360. Dr. Preyrna was assigned to me and she has done commendable job. I did prenatal exercises under her supervision, she designed program according to my body need. With her help my pregnancy was healthy and I got good dilations at the time of delivery. I am blessed with a healthy baby girl and very happy with Resolve 360.

Ms Shubhra Jain

Prenatal Care

Best therapy sessions that too at home and timings are very flexible. I had a issue in my neck and lower back since almost 4 to 5 years, taken so many treatments and physio sessions. But all gave a temporary relief. Then my friend referred me this Resolve 360 in 2020, in starting i was hesitant as everything was online, but after taking almost 10 sessions i got much relief, and now i am almost free of pain. Thanks to the team of Resolve 360.

Ms Garima Gupta

Rehab for Neck & Back Pain

By the advice of my gynaecologist, I found this place. I thank doctor Apporva for supported me and encouraged me well even before my sessions begin. Doctor Prerna who dealt me personally in my workout sessions also led me nicely according to my health condition. After every session she will ask my feedback of previous sessions. Accordingly she changed the workouts and made the class enjoyable. Much helpful. So interactive and friendly. They understood my health condition and cope with that nicely. Not straining me rather made me to enjoy. I did course for 1 month only for my tummy after C section. Lots of improvements. If I continue furthur, I would have seen a lot more. Given health advices, diet chart also along with workouts. I highly recommend.

Ms Christy J

Post Natal Care

Hello everyone I have been regularly taking sessions from Resolve360 (from Apoorva) since January 2020. I have been suffering from upper and lower back pain from last 10 years. After being to number of doctors and physiotherapist in Delhi & Ncr, i could not find any solution to my pain. I was not even ready to try with her as i had lost all hopes and so much of money but luckily my sister pushed me alot and i started taking sessions. Also i had severe recurring tennis elbow pain in both the elbows. I have gained strength and my pain is so much better and manageable now. Can’t thank enough apoorva for her dedication to help me improve. Will surely recommend everyone to go for it without any second doubts. The key is to be consistent and you will see results for sure.

Ms Srishti Gupta​

Rehab for Back Pain

My father’s case was worse case of covid he had severe lung damage and was in hospital for almost 40 days, My mentor here provided really great guidance and help; sessions helped so much in recovery. He was in ICU for 30 days we continued sessions there and with the grace of god he recovering.

Mr Nikhil Shrivastava

COVID19 Rehab

Let the year 2021 bring laughter, joy and happiness and good health. It already has, in mine and my husband Narayans life. Yes we are now freely moving around doing our daily chores, on our own, with full energy. The credit goes to Dr.Apoorva who has magical fingers. We were in pain at the outset of covid. we were doing all our work with no help. The result… Back pain😈. Dr.Apoorva was kind enough to treat us immediately, following with caution all covid safety procedures. 🙏☺️ There was instant relief and in a weeks time we were ready for work. We were adviced physiotherapy. Dr.Prerna and Dr.David were mine and Narayanan’s instructors respectively. We were fortunate to have such dedicated professionals. They taught us with Patience answering to all our queries and methodically helped us to do the workouts in the right way. They made the sessions interesting and challenging too! Now we do the workout with passion to stay active. As senior citizens, we manage our daily routine independently now. Thank you Dr.Apporva, Dr.Prerana and Dr. David. Hope many people receive your services for the betterment of their health. 🙏🙏Happy New Year🌹 2021.☺️

Ms Uma Narayanan

Rehab for Back Pain

A friend introduced me to Resolve 360 so that I could treat a ligament injury that was hindering my day to day activities. It was a bad phase! This platform is not only a venture but a baby to Ms. Apoorva Shrivastava. With a lot of love, care and experience she brings together some of the best people in the industry to help with physical therapy and other treatments. She chose Ms Prayerna Bhattarai as my therapist and since then i started recovering faster with a well-thought out and personalized plan. My strength is coming back steadily and now i am planning to do a complete fitness routine with them so that such injury never happens in the future! I highly recommend that everyone should connect with Resolve 360!

Ms Shilpi B

Rehab for Ligament Injury

One of the best app available for therapy sessions online. I was covid positive, and one more my friend recommended this app, trust me, it was the best decision I have ever taken. I took more than 10 sessions and it was really very helpful for me. I recovered from Covid with the help of sessions very fast. Special thanks to Dr Tanveer Kaur Ma’am for the amazing sessions. Highly Recommended.

Mr Narayan Vyas

COVID19 Rehab

I had online Physiotherpy sessions by Prerana for my heel pain. ( Tendo Achilis Sprain).
Though virtual, it was more interactive.

She was very observant throughout the sessions, correcting me while doing the exercises and was assertive in her outlook.

I found her instructions and methodology very helpful. She is updated in her academic knowledge in the field of Physiotherpy. She clarified my doubts about the role of Laser and Ultrasound treatment quoting evidence based data. With my personal experience I agree with her opinion that these are more of placebo effect.

Physiotherpy though not a miracle treatment, is a compelling necessity to most of the musculoskeletal and neurological illnesses. It needs to be accepted as healthy way to live.

Dr Shrinivas H

Rehab for Heel Pain

From being a couch potato with poor cardio respiratory system to reaching pre-athlete levels of fitness in a span of 3 months, my journey with Resolve360 and Dr.David (Physiotherapist) has been anything but magical!

About 3 to 4 months ago, my blood report showed very high bad cholesterol levels, I was low on stamina and had frequent breathing issues. My GP prescribed me cholesterol meds for a month but I felt that alone wouldn’t get me back in shape because I needed a major lifestyle overhaul.

Dr.David educated me about my condition in detail and where it could lead me to if I don’t take action in the long run. He put me on a balanced workout regime being easy with cardio workouts in the initial days and gradually upgraded it observing me closely. He also advises me on dietary choices and follows up frequently. During the initial days, my ears used to get blocked within 5 wall squats and I stop right away but now I do over 20 in one shot and hardly feel a thing. I used to lose balance and fall off over my face within 6 push-ups or 20 seconds of plank and now I do about 24 push-ups in one shot. My heart rate used to raise above 150 bpm doing jumping jacks or other cardio workout within 20-30 seconds. You won’t believe I don’t do any of these cardio workouts without additional weights on my feet these days and my heart rate and recovery are as steady as they could get. I couldn’t run for over 2 min without stopping and gasping and now I cover about 4.6 km in 30 min and follow-up with a 20 min walk. Not convinced yet? My VO2 Max (I use an Apple Watch to measure this stat) was just about 33 while I started with Resolve360 and David. That reflects a very poor cardio respiratory fitness for a 34 year old. It’s 43.5 today ! Easily above average. Please read upon about VO2 Max and how it directly relates to cardio respiratory fitness so you get an accurate picture about my monumental progress in the last 3 months. I’ve been trying to get into a regular physical workout and balanced diet discipline since my 20s but I’d never been so motivated as I’m now. Give these guys a try. After all, the best investment you could ever make is on your health !

Mr Ram Kumar

Physical Fitness

We contacted resolve360 for our child speech issue and I must say Resolve 360 team and Apoorva doing a wonderful job.

Our speech therapist Jaslia from Resolve360 is having a excellent knowledge and it helps our child a lot. Jaslia understand child psychology very well. Due to her efforts, we are seeing tremendous improvements in our child. She has a strong dedication towards her work and her nature towards kids makes her a very special one. She has given us enough confidence, due to her efforts and excellent service, we are seeing good improvements for my child speech & communication skills.

I would highly recommend Jaslia & Resolve360 team for their excellent work. God bless you!!

Keyur Dalwadi

Speech Therapy for his Kid